Buy Nootropics in New Zealand | The #1 A-Z Guide

Want to buy nootropics in New Zealand?

You’ve come to just the right place

This ‘A-Z' guide will explain everything you need to know about buying nootropics in NZ. We’ll explain the legal status of nootropics, their side effects and safety, the best legal nootropics to try, and where to source nootropics for the best prices.

P.S: Here's my top 100% legal recommendation!

Whether you’re looking to work harder, improve your memory, or optimize your mental health, this guide will help you buy the right nootropics to get you where you want to go.


This is not medical or legal advice. This guide is strictly for entertainment purposes only. Always consult a medical professional before consuming any nootropic and always abide by the laws of your country. Please read my disclaimer page, too.


What are Nootropics?

The word “nootropics” comes from the Greek words ‘nous’ for ‘mind’, and ‘trepein’, which means ‘to bend’, and is used to describe any substance that can ‘change the mind’ in some way [1].

The term was coined in 1972 by the Romanian psychologist and chemist Dr. Corneliu Giurgea, following his discovery of Piracetam in 1964. Dr. Giurgea noted that Piracetam had significant memory-enhancing properties and wanted to create a term used to describe similar substances.

According to Dr. Giurgea, any substance can be described as a ‘nootropic’ provided that it meets the following criteria.

It must:

  • Enhance memory, attention span, concentration, and the ability to learn.
  • Help the brain function under distress.
  • Protect the brain from chemical and physical stress.
  • Increase the efficacy of neuronal firing.
  • Produce virtually zero side effects and be non-toxic.

There are two main types of nootropics; natural and synthetic.


Natural Nootropics

Natural nootropics come from plants or plant extracts, amino acids, or other nutrients sourced from nature. Some nootropics have been used by humans for millennia, such as Ginkgo biloba which comes from the maidenhair tree in China, and caffeine which is found in foods such as cocoa beans, tea leaves, and coffee beans.

Claims that natural nootropics offer cognitive benefits are supported by numerous scientific research papers published in peer-reviewed medical journals. Caffeine has been shown to improve attention span and information retention [2], while Ginkgo biloba has been shown to exhibit potential effects on memory and cognition [3].

Other natural nootropics were discovered much more recently. Creatine – a naturally occurring amino acid – was discovered in 1835 and only gained mainstream popularity as a sports supplement in the mid-1990s. Creatine’s effectiveness as a nootropic took off following the publication of research showing that it helped facilitate cognition on some tasks [4].


Synthetic Nootropics

The first synthetic nootropic, Piracetam, was shown, through clinical trials, to improve learning, memory, and brain metabolism [5]. Since then, numerous racetams and other synthetic nootropics such as Modafinil and Phenibut have been discovered.

Synthetic nootropics typically offer more potent benefits than natural nootropics and in New Zealand, they are generally either prescription-only pharmaceutical products or unregistered products.

Most nootropics were developed to treat people with specific neurological and psychiatric conditions. Modafinil, for example, is used to treat narcolepsy while Phenibut is used in Russia to treat anxiety. These drugs have become popular as ‘nootropics’ due to their ‘off-label’ benefits such as enhanced concentration, improved memory, and lower anxiety. Modafinil has been shown to improve emotion recognition and task-related motivation [6], while Phenibut has been shown to reduce social anxiety [7].


Phenibut HCL


Nootropics Side Effects and Safety

The following is not medical advice and we strongly urge you to talk to your doctor about potential side effects and allergic reactions before taking any nootropic, especially if you are currently taking prescription medications. Always read the side-effects, prescription drug interactions, and any notes and warnings.

Avoid taking nootropics if you are pregnant or nursing or if you are at risk of conditions like diabetes, depression, or psychiatric disorders. If you experience any adverse side effects, cease use immediately, and consult your doctor as soon as possible.

All nootropics can be categorized as either dietary supplements or pharmaceutical products.


Dietary Supplements

Nootropics that are dietary supplements include things like caffeine, Ginkgo biloba, creatine, and Lion’s mane mushroom. In New Zealand, the Ministry for Primary Industries (MPI) is responsible for granting approval for substances to be imported as dietary supplements [8].

As dietary supplements are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease, they can be sold over-the-counter or online throughout New Zealand. They are generally regarded as safe and non-toxic when taken at the recommended dosages and are among the safest cognitive enhancers available.

However, how you respond to each of these compounds will depend on a host of variables including:

  • Your current state of health
  • Genetic factors
  • Whether you are taking other prescription drugs

Some dietary supplement nootropics may produce side effects when taken in excessive quantities, in particular caffeine, which can cause anxiety, hallucinations, and dizziness in high dosages [9].

Some dietary supplements may interact adversely with prescription medications. Ginkgo biloba, for example, can increase the risk of bleeding when taken with certain herbal medications, antiplatelet agents, or warfarin [10].


Pharmaceutical Products

Pharmaceutical products are drugs that are intended to treat specific medical conditions. In New Zealand, these nootropics are typically prescription-only, meaning that they must be legitimately prescribed by a doctor to obtain and use.

The side effects and safety of pharmaceutical nootropics vary widely from one substance to the next. The safest pharmaceutical nootropics that we know of are Piracetam and Aniracetam. Studies have shown that racetams possess very low toxicity and produce no serious side effects [11].

The side effects of most other pharmaceutical products when used as nootropics have not been fully researched. Using prescription drugs ‘off-label’ as nootropics can be risky as they can cause unexpected, and little-understood, side effects.

For example, Modafinil is prescribed in New Zealand to improve wakefulness in patients with excessive daytime sleepiness and narcolepsy and is widely considered to be a safe drug. However, there has been little research into its side-effects and safety when taken by healthy individuals ‘off-prescription’ as a nootropic.

One study found that Modafinil caused several side effects when given to patients who were incorrectly diagnosed with narcolepsy [12].

These include:

  • Headaches
  • Nausea
  • Anxiety
  • Insomnia
  • Lumbago
  • Diarrhea
  • Dyspepsia
  • Rhinitis
  • Vertigo

These side effects were found to be mild and subsided when the dose was lowered, causing no lasting harm.

Overall, most nootropics mentioned here will offer little to no side effects.


Are Nootropics Legal in New Zealand?

The legal status of any given nootropic in New Zealand depends on whether it is classified as a dietary supplement or a pharmaceutical product.


Dietary Supplements

Most natural nootropics such as caffeine, creatine, and Ginkgo Biloba, are classified as dietary supplements in New Zealand and are legal to buy and use. They can be purchased over-the-counter throughout the country.

Some natural nootropics fall into a legal gray area. Phenibut, for instance, is classified as a ‘novel food’ and has not been approved by the MPI as a dietary supplement. This means that it cannot be imported or purchased online for personal use.


Pharmaceutical Products

Pharmaceutical products that have nootropic or other effects on cognitive abilities are almost all classified as prescription medicines in New Zealand under Schedule I of the Medicines regulations 1984 [13]. It is only legal to obtain and possess a prescription medication in New Zealand if you have been legitimately prescribed it.

Only two racetams – Piracetam and Levetiracetam – actually have Schedule I classification, but all other racetams and racetam-like substances are similarly classified as they are analogs of the scheduled racetams.

Modafinil is a prescription-only medication in New Zealand where it is prescribed under the brand name ‘Modavigil’ to treat excessive sleepiness. Modavigil is only prescribed to patients who have had a complete evaluation of their sleepiness and who have been diagnosed with either narcolepsy, Obstructive sleep apnoea hypopnoea syndrome (OSAHS), and/or Shift Work Sleep Disorder (SWSD).

Given the difficulty of obtaining prescription-only drugs in New Zealand, many people choose to order nootropics online and have them shipped to their address. While ordering prescription medication online is technically illegal, we’ve yet to hear of anyone having any issue buying a personal supply of nootropics online and getting them shipped to their address in NZ.

Our recommended nootropics vendor guarantees all shipments to New Zealand and offers a free reshipment or a full refund in the highly unlikely event that the order doesn’t get through.

Basically, you have no risk.

But again, this isn’t legal advice and we advise you to always abide by New Zealand laws.


what are nootropics


Top 2 Legal Nootropics in New Zealand

New Zealand customs are notoriously strict and many people don’t want the legal risk of ordering prescription drugs online or the health risk of using them ‘off-label’.

We get it.

That’s why we recommend two 100% legal over-the-counter nootropics – Mind Lab Pro and Qualia Mind!

These powerful nootropics work across multiple areas of cognitive enhancement and produce virtually zero side effects. They contain 100% natural ingredients and are safe enough to be used year-round with no possibility of addiction or dependence.


  • Mind Lab Pro

Mind Lab Pro is hands down the most effective legal nootropic we’ve ever reviewed and is our top recommendation for anyone looking for a safe, over-the-counter nootropic in New Zealand!

In our experience, there’s no ‘one pill solution’ to cognitive optimization. It often takes a combination, or ‘stack’, of different nootropics to get the results you’re looking for. That’s why we love Mind Lab Pro; it contains a unique blend of 11 different natural nootropics that work in synergy to deliver massive cognitive and central nervous system improvements!

All of the ingredients in Mind Lab Pro are safe and well-researched. They provide a significant boost in memory, creativity, productivity, and alertness with zero side effects.

Our five favorite nootropics in Mind Lab Pro are:

  • Bacopa monnieri, which boosts cognition and decreases choice reaction times [14].
  • Citicoline, which offers strong neuroprotective properties [15].
  • Lion’s Mane Mushroom, or Yamabushitake, which protects against mild cognitive impairment [16].
  • Maritime Pine Bark Extract, which offers racetam-like improvements in spatial memory [17].
  • L-Tyrosine, which enhances mental performance [18].

Mind Lab Pro is the most powerful ‘whole-brain’ optimizer we’ve ever tested and is our top pick for a natural nootropic. It contains premium forms of these natural nootropics that have great bioavailability.

This makes it consistently reliable and safe enough to use year-round…to protect and enhance your brain!


  • Qualia Mind

The second legal nootropic we recommend to people in New Zealand is Qualia Mind by Neurohacker Collective. It’s a complete cognitive enhancer that gives immediate benefits from day one. Its unique two-step process means that you take three pills in the morning and then six pills later on in the day.

On Qualia, we noticed an immediate improvement in our mental performance. We felt like we had mental energy for DAYS and were able to work for 8 hours straight and still go home and just crush it.

The really cool thing about Qualia is that along with the extra mental energy, we had tons more creative energy. More ideas, more inspiration, and different ways of thinking about things really helped us power through our workload.

Best of all? No caffeine jitters. We’ve tried many legal nootropics in the past that contained a ton of caffeine and just left us feeling wired and jittery. Not with Qualia – it’s caffeine-free! Qualia made us feel like we were on hyperdrive yet we still had no problem getting in the zone for things like meditation when we needed to.

Qualia contains a unique blend of 21 natural nootropics that work together in synergy. The benefits compound over time so the effects just keep on increasing. The five most effective nootropics in Qualia are:

  • Bacopa monnieri, which boosts reaction times [19].
  • Citicoline, to boost levels of neurotransmitters [20].
  • Ginkgo biloba, for higher mental performance [21].
  • Huperzine A, for its strong neuroprotective properties [22].
  • Phosphatidylserine, to help retain cognitive functioning ability [23].

If you’re looking for a natural nootropic that lights you up like a firework, Qualia Mind is our go-to choice. We recommend cycling it for five days on, two days off, for maximum effectiveness.


The World’s Best Nootropic…

Legal nootropics are awesome for cognitive enhancement and protection.

No doubt about it.

But sometimes, you just need to go into warp speed to power through your workload and meet a tight deadline.

And that’s where Modafinil comes in — it’s the world’s best nootropic.

Modafinil is an extremely powerful wakefulness agent (or ‘eugeroic’) that is prescribed in New Zealand under the brand name ‘Modavigil’ to treat patients with sleeping disorders such as narcolepsy, OSAHS, and/or SWSD.

As a prescription-only medicine, Modafinil is extremely effective at treating excessive sleepiness. But it has also gained a reputation for its ‘off-label’ benefits and is widely regarded to be the world’s best nootropic!

When taken ‘off-prescription’ by healthy individuals, a single 100mg dose of Modafinil can dramatically increase attentiveness, concentration, and alertness [24]. This has made Modafinil extremely popular among students and working professionals who want to massively increase their levels of concentration, focus, learning, and working memory [25].

If you ever need to really knuckle down or even pull an ‘all-nighter’, Modafinil is the best nootropic, bar none. It works by elevating histamine levels in the hypothalamus region of the brain [26], which increases wakefulness and prevents sleep [27]. Modafinil binds to the dopamine transporter and inhibits the reuptake of dopamine [28], thus increasing the amount of dopamine, serotonin, and norepinephrine in the prefrontal cortex. This has been shown to significantly improve functions in several cognitive domains including working memory and episodic memory [29].

As a bonus, Modafinil also reduces reactivity to fear stimuli in the amygdala (the brain region involved in anxiety) [30]. This helps users think more clearly and work more productively even when they are stressed or worried.

In short, Modafinil is the world’s best nootropic for cognitive enhancement for one simple reason:

Nothing else comes close.


Is Modafinil Legal in New Zealand?

In New Zealand, Modafinil is a prescription medicine, meaning that it is only legal to obtain or possess Modafinil if you have been legitimately prescribed it by a doctor.

Modafinil is only prescribed to patients who have had a complete evaluation of their excessive sleepiness including a complete history and physical examination and testing in a laboratory setting and have been diagnosed with narcolepsy, OSAHS, and/or SWSD. Modafinil but it is not a funded medicine, meaning that patients will have to pay for the costs associated with the prescription.

According to the New Zealand Customs Service [31], it is legal to bring a three month supply of Modafinil into New Zealand with you as a ‘personal import’ providing that you declare it on your Passenger Arrival Card and have a copy of the medicine’s prescription or a letter from your doctor stating that you are being treated with the medicine.

Under the Medicines Act 1981 [32], if you want to order Modafinil online and have it sent to you from overseas, you will need to prove to the Ministry of Health that you have a ‘reasonable excuse’, such as an original letter or prescription from a New Zealand-authorized prescriber, like a doctor, dentist, midwife or nurse.

It is illegal to order Modafinil online and have it shipped to you without a prescription. In the unlikely event that customs officers intercept the shipment, they will send a letter to your address asking for a letter or prescription from your doctor and destroy the medicine if you cannot provide one within three months. But this is rare.

In practice, we’ve yet to hear of anyone having any issue getting a personal supply (90 days’ worth) of Modafinil shipped to their address in New Zealand.

Our recommended Modafinil vendor guarantees all shipments to New Zealand and even offers a free reshipment or a full refund in the highly unlikely event that the order doesn’t get through.

So basically you have no risk.

But again, this isn’t legal advice and we always encourage you to abide by New Zealand laws.


Buy Modafinil New Zealand


Top “Social” Nootropic

Modafinil is great for turbocharging your focus and willpower for 12+ hours, but it doesn’t exactly make you the life and soul of the party!

Fortunately, there’s another nootropic that offers massive cognitive and social benefits…

Phenibut.

Phenibut – aka the ‘happy pill’ – has become the top “social” nootropic in New Zealand. It dramatically lowers social anxiety and virtually banishes inhibitions, making you much more sociable.

Part of Phenibut’s popularity is that it offers an alcohol-like buzz where you feel warm, bubbly, and sociable, without any of the unwanted side effects like drunkenness, drowsiness, or loss of control. Phenibut is a fantastic alternative to ‘pre-drinks’ before going out and is perfect for killing any feelings of nervousness.

Fitness enthusiasts and bodybuilders have flocked to Phenibut as an alcohol-alternative for its powerful social benefits. Phenibut gives a massive boost in self-confidence without any of the harmful aspects of alcoholic drinks such as sugars and ethanol, which have been shown to increase cortisol and lower free testosterone [33].

So, how does Phenibut work?

Phenibut was first synthesized in Russia in the 1960s, where it has been widely prescribed to treat a range of conditions including anxiety, insomnia, and depression [34]. As a GABA-analog, Phenibut works by blocking impulses sent to the brain through nerve cells which has the effect of making users much more sociable.

Phenibut has been shown to offer a range of cognitive benefits such as improved working memory, better verbal fluency, lower fatigue, and increased alertness [35]. Many users also report improvements in their sex drive.

The documented side effects of Phenibut include fatigue, nausea, dizziness, and stomach cramps. There are also reports of patients becoming dependent on and addicted to Phenibut and experiencing severe withdrawal symptoms when they cease use [36].

We recommend taking the following precautions when using Phenibut:

  • Take less than 500mg for the initial dose
  • Never take more than 1,000mg per dose
  • Never abuse Phenibut by consuming it daily or in excessive quantities.
  • Avoid using Phenibut more than two days per week or taking more than 4,000mg total per fortnight.

Always monitor your Phenibut dosage carefully and adjust according to your tolerance levels.


Is Phenibut Legal in New Zealand?

In New Zealand, Phenibut is classified as a ‘novel food’. The MPI has not approved Phenibut to be imported as a dietary supplement, so you cannot legally buy it online.

While Phenibut is prohibited for personal use under Schedule 1 of the Customs and Excise Act, it is fairly easy to order online and we have yet to hear of anyone experiencing any difficulties in having a personal supply (30 days’ worth) of Phenibut shipped to their address in New Zealand.

Our recommended Phenibut vendor guarantees all shipments to New Zealand and even offers a free reshipment or a full refund in the highly unlikely event that an order doesn’t get through.

Basically, you have no risk.

But again, this isn’t legal advice and we always encourage you to abide by New Zealand laws.


Phenibut HCL


Nootropics New Zealand | Verdict

If you were curious about buying nootropics in New Zealand, hopefully this ‘A-Z' guide has answered all your questions.

We’ve covered everything from the best nootropics to buy, their side-effects, safety, legality, and more!

For those looking to enhance the mind in New Zealand, we hope you found the information you need to succeed.


Click here to buy Modafinil from our favorite online vendor for Kiwis or people living in New Zealand!

References

  1. Giurgea C. Vers une pharmacologie de l'activité intégrative du cerveau. Tentative du concept nootrope en psychopharmacologie [Pharmacology of integrative activity of the brain. Attempt at nootropic concept in psychopharmacology]. Actual Pharmacol (Paris). 1972;25:115-156.
  2. Nehlig A, Daval JL, Debry G. Caffeine and the central nervous system: mechanisms of action, biochemical, metabolic and psychostimulant effects. Brain Res Brain Res Rev. 1992;17(2):139-170. doi:10.1016/0165-0173(92)90012-b
  3. DeKosky ST, Williamson JD, Fitzpatrick AL, et al. Ginkgo biloba for prevention of dementia: a randomized controlled trial [published correction appears in JAMA. 2008 Dec 17;300(23):2730]. JAMA. 2008;300(19):2253-2262. doi:10.1001/jama.2008.683
  4. Ling J, Kritikos M, Tiplady B. Cognitive effects of creatine ethyl ester supplementation. Behav Pharmacol. 2009;20(8):673-679. doi:10.1097/FBP.0b013e3283323c2a
  5. Winnicka K, Tomasiak M, Bielawska A. Piracetam–an old drug with novel properties?. Acta Pol Pharm. 2005;62(5):405-409.
  6. Brühl AB, d'Angelo C, Sahakian BJ. Neuroethical issues in cognitive enhancement: Modafinil as the example of a workplace drug?. Brain Neurosci Adv. 2019;3:2398212818816018. Published 2019 Feb 15. doi:10.1177/2398212818816018
  7. Zheng KH, Khan A, Espiridion ED. Phenibut Addiction in a Patient with Substance Use Disorder. Cureus. 2019;11(7):e5230. Published 2019 Jul 24. doi:10.7759/cureus.5230
  8. Industries, M., 2020. Home. [online] Mpi.govt.nz. Available at: <https://www.mpi.govt.nz/> [Accessed 3 August 2020].
  9. Wikoff D, Welsh BT, Henderson R, et al. Systematic review of the potential adverse effects of caffeine consumption in healthy adults, pregnant women, adolescents, and children. Food Chem Toxicol. 2017;109(Pt 1):585-648. doi:10.1016/j.fct.2017.04.002
  10. Sierpina VS, Wollschlaeger B, Blumenthal M. Ginkgo biloba. Am Fam Physician. 2003;68(5):923-926.
  11. Gouliaev AH, Senning A. Piracetam and other structurally related nootropics. Brain Res Brain Res Rev. 1994;19(2):180-222. doi:10.1016/0165-0173(94)90011-6
  12. Lopes E, Pereira D, da Silva Behrens NS, et al. Cataplexy as a side effect of modafinil in a patient without narcolepsy. Sleep Sci. 2014;7(1):47-49. doi:10.1016/j.slsci.2014.07.015
  13. govt.nz. 2020. Medicines Regulations 1984 (SR 1984/143) (As At 01 April 2020) Contents – New Zealand Legislation. [online] Available at: <http://www.legislation.govt.nz/regulation/public/1984/0143/latest/DLM95668.html> [Accessed 3 August 2020].
  14. Kongkeaw C, Dilokthornsakul P, Thanarangsarit P, Limpeanchob N, Norman Scholfield C. Meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials on cognitive effects of Bacopa monnieri extract. J Ethnopharmacol. 2014;151(1):528-535. doi:10.1016/j.jep.2013.11.008
  15. Grieb P. Neuroprotective properties of citicoline: facts, doubts and unresolved issues. CNS Drugs. 2014;28(3):185-193. doi:10.1007/s40263-014-0144-8
  16. Mori K, Inatomi S, Ouchi K, Azumi Y, Tuchida T. Improving effects of the mushroom Yamabushitake (Hericium erinaceus) on mild cognitive impairment: a double-blind placebo-controlled clinical trial. Phytother Res. 2009;23(3):367-372. doi:10.1002/ptr.2634
  17. Paarmann K, Prakash SR, Krohn M, et al. French maritime pine bark treatment decelerates plaque development and improves spatial memory in Alzheimer's disease mice. Phytomedicine. 2019;57:39-48. doi:10.1016/j.phymed.2018.11.033
  18. Fond G, Micoulaud-Franchi JA, Brunel L, et al. Innovative mechanisms of action for pharmaceutical cognitive enhancement: A systematic review. Psychiatry Res. 2015;229(1-2):12-20. doi:10.1016/j.psychres.2015.07.006
  19. Sukumaran NP, Amalraj A, Gopi S. Neuropharmacological and cognitive effects of Bacopa monnieri (L.) Wettst – A review on its mechanistic aspects. Complement Ther Med. 2019;44:68-82. doi:10.1016/j.ctim.2019.03.016
  20. Iulia C, Ruxandra T, Costin LB, Liliana-Mary V. Citicoline – a neuroprotector with proven effects on glaucomatous disease. Rom J Ophthalmol. 2017;61(3):152-158. doi:10.22336/rjo.2017.29
  21. Tan MS, Yu JT, Tan CC, et al. Efficacy and adverse effects of ginkgo biloba for cognitive impairment and dementia: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Alzheimers Dis. 2015;43(2):589-603. doi:10.3233/JAD-140837
  22. Damar U, Gersner R, Johnstone JT, Schachter S, Rotenberg A. Huperzine A as a neuroprotective and antiepileptic drug: a review of preclinical research. Expert Rev Neurother. 2016;16(6):671-680. doi:10.1080/14737175.2016.1175303
  23. Glade MJ, Smith K. Phosphatidylserine and the human brain. Nutrition. 2015;31(6):781-786. doi:10.1016/j.nut.2014.10.014
  24. Iglseder B. Doping für das Gehirn [Doping for the brain]. Z Gerontol Geriatr. 2018;51(2):143-148. doi:10.1007/s00391-017-1351-y
  25. Battleday RM, Brem AK. Modafinil for cognitive neuroenhancement in healthy non-sleep-deprived subjects: A systematic review. Eur Neuropsychopharmacol. 2015;25(11):1865-1881. doi:10.1016/j.euroneuro.2015.07.028
  26. Ishizuka T, Sakamoto Y, Sakurai T, Yamatodani A. Modafinil increases histamine release in the anterior hypothalamus of rats. Neurosci Lett. 2003;339(2):143-146. doi:10.1016/s0304-3940(03)00006-5
  27. Brown RE, Stevens DR, Haas HL. The physiology of brain histamine. Prog Neurobiol. 2001;63(6):637-672. doi:10.1016/s0301-0082(00)00039-3
  28. Zolkowska D, Jain R, Rothman RB, et al. Evidence for the involvement of dopamine transporters in behavioral stimulant effects of modafinil. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2009;329(2):738-746. doi:10.1124/jpet.108.146142
  29. Minzenberg MJ, Carter CS. Modafinil: a review of neurochemical actions and effects on cognition. Neuropsychopharmacology. 2008;33(7):1477-1502. doi:10.1038/sj.npp.1301534
  30. Rasetti, R., Mattay, V. S., Stankevich, B., Skjei, K., Blasi, G., Sambataro, F., Arrillaga-Romany, I. C., Goldberg, T. E., Callicott, J. H., Apud, J. A., & Weinberger, D. R. (2010). Modulatory effects of modafinil on neural circuits regulating emotion and cognition. Neuropsychopharmacology : official publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology, 35(10), 2101–2109. https://doi.org/10.1038/npp.2010.83
  31. govt.nz. 2020. Prohibitions And Restrictions. [online] Available at: <https://www.customs.govt.nz/business/import/prohibited-and-restricted-imports/prohibitions-and-restrictions/#:~:text=If%20you%20arrive%20in%20New,being%20treated%20with%20the%20medicine> [Accessed 3 August 2020].
  32. govt.nz. 2020. Medicines Act 1981 No 118 (As At 26 November 2018), Public Act Contents – New Zealand Legislation. [online] Available at: <http://www.legislation.govt.nz/act/public/1981/0118/latest/DLM53790.html> [Accessed 3 August 2020].
  33. Haugvad A, Haugvad L, Hamarsland H, Paulsen G. Ethanol does not delay muscle recovery but decreases testosterone/cortisol ratio. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2014;46(11):2175-2183. doi:10.1249/MSS.0000000000000339
  34. Lapin I. Phenibut (beta-phenyl-GABA): a tranquilizer and nootropic drug. CNS Drug Rev. 2001;7(4):471-481. doi:10.1111/j.1527-3458.2001.tb00211.x
  35. Owen DR, Wood DM, Archer JR, Dargan PI. Phenibut (4-amino-3-phenyl-butyric acid): Availability, prevalence of use, desired effects and acute toxicity. Drug Alcohol Rev. 2016;35(5):591-596. doi:10.1111/dar.12356
  36. Ahuja T, Mgbako O, Katzman C, Grossman A. Phenibut (β-Phenyl-γ-aminobutyric Acid) Dependence and Management of Withdrawal: Emerging Nootropics of Abuse. Case Rep Psychiatry. 2018;2018:9864285. Published 2018 Apr 30. doi:10.1155/2018/9864285

Jake

After utilizing nootropics for the better part of a decade, I realized the potent results these products produce -- with regards to productivity and cognitive enhancement. Soon thereafter, I became obsessed with finding the premier smart drugs on the market. Then using them to improve my life. When I'm not devouring everything I can about nootropics and the science behind why they work, you'll find me traveling around the world or in the gym.

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